First it was the company - Willsbros Group Inc. (see here).
Then, it was the company's employees - Jim Bob Brown (see here) and Jason Steph (see here).
Finally, it is the company's consultant - Paul Novak (see here).
An FCPA triangle of sorts.
Don't hold your breath waiting for an FCPA square because, as has been noted in previous posts, the final piece of the puzzle ... the "foreign official" will not be happening anytime soon as the FCPA only applies to the "briber-giver" not the "bribe-taker."
As noted in the DOJ release, Novak (a former consultant for Willbros International Inc. - a subsidiary of Willbros Group Inc.) pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to violate the FCPA and one substantive count of violating the FCPA in connection with payments to Nigerian "foreign officials."
Assistant Attorney General Breuer (the blog's "person of the week" given his frequent mention here in the last few days) had this to say:
"The use of intermediaries to pay bribes will not escape prosecution under the FCPA. The Department will continue to hold accountable all the players in an FCPA scheme - from the companies and their executives who hatch the scheme, to the consultant they retain to carry it out."
Of course, there still must be jurisdiction over the consultant, but this was not a problem in the Novak matter as he is a U.S. citizen and thus subject both to territorial jurisdiction (i.e. U.S. nexus - see 78dd-2(a)) or nationality jurisdiction (see 78dd-2(i)).
This isn't the first time the DOJ has gone after consultants or agents. In March 2009, the DOJ unsealed indictments against U.K. citizens Jeffrey Tesler and Wojciech Chodan for their alleged roles in the KBR/Halliburton Nigeria bribery scheme. (see here for the DOJ release, here for the indictment).